Wooly Adelgids


Tsuga canadensis the year we discovered Adelges tsugae (woolly adelgid)

HWA distribution courtesy NYS DEC

Bad news this year – walking across the creek bridge next to our house I got smacked in the face by a hemlock branch encrusted with Adelges tsugae (wooly adelgids). Currently a serious threat to Tsuga canadensis (hemlock) here in New York, adelgids can kill a tree in as little as four years by tapping directly into the trees food storage cells. One insect can be responsible for orginating as many as 40,000 descendants in a single season!

Hemlock distribution courtesy NYS Hemlock Initiative

This is a big deal in our neck of the woods. Hemlocks are the third most common tree in our forests, and are what is called a “foundation” species. This means they create the ecosystem where they resides. Also a climax species, they are members of a mature forest, and critical components of a clean water system.


We have been keeping an eye on the four mature hemlocks in a row here, and even now see not many more adelgids than these, but it is no more likely there are only the adelgids we see than there is only the one house mouse we caught… still, in a spirit of hopeless optimism inappropriate to our current political climate, my husband cut the branch off and burned it in the wood stove. We then sprayed the ground between the tree and the  house with isopropryl alchohol, ’cause some fell off, okay?


Zeb Strickland

We like these trees. They are close to the house but not TOO close (like the Norway spruce), and they hold the creek bank near where it likes to flood the road. Even though we assume the many, more ancient hemlocks in our woods won’t benefit much from stopping adelgids down here, we suddenly feel on the front lines of an invasion. These trees are on a direct path to a work site, and we don’t want to become vectors ourselves, spreading the little bastards to uninfected areas.So we have asked Forest and Water Solutions to come have a look.

I met Zeb back when I was part of the Cornell Botanic Gardens Natural Areas Academy for a few years. A great teacher, we spent some time discussing the pro and cons of pesticides and certification in their application. (I got to “shoot” some Japanese knotweed under his supervision, a highlight of my time there.) So we were already pretty confident when we contacted him, and his easy manner and thorough explanation of the process cinched it. We signed up for a single basal bark application for four trees.

Forest and Water Solutions

I was able to stand nearby and watch. It didn’t take long, or cost much. Zeb used two chemicals, one faster acting and the other good for five years or so. For those of you rightly concerned about the over use of pesticides, I was pleased to see how careful and contained the process was. Yes, we could have left these trees alone. Would their death have been certain, or is it possible experiments in the introduction of natural predators would have progressed enough in time to save them? If not, does it matter that these four trees, out of the hundreds near us,survive? I don’t know. We weighed the options and we made this choice. I wish us all luck.

Natural Dye Workshop

I have taken several natural dye workshops because…it takes a long time for things to really sink in? I need a lot of immersions before the information really takes?? Anyway,

Kelsie Doty

Kelsie Doty, the instructor for the Cornell Botanic Gardens Natural Dye Workshop, was able to communicate with us in a way that both conveyed enthusiasm for the craft and was extremely practical. Probably because she is a PhD student in apparel design at Cornell University (love living in a town with a land-grant college).



We all walked away with an excellent handout and a recommendation for a book –  Dyes from American Native Plants – that is so arcane and natural dye/fangirlish I immediately bought it.

The cloth had already been mordanted (is that a word?) with aluminum sulfate, which prepares the cloth to bond with the dye. The plants were already boiling in pots as well, so all we had to do was design and dye. We had multiple colors available, including yellow from marigolds, blue from indigo, and red from madder root.

We also had various supplies to shibori dye.


The Japanese have a  different name for each shibori  technique,
which if I used I might  erroneously give the impression I know what I’m talking about. One is the binding technique we call tie-dye.


Chevron shibori pattern

Another technique involves precise folding. I tried the chevron pattern, but could no more fold it properly than I can origami. Still came out great.







Here’s another example, this time using shapes bound into the cloth to make a pattern.


Gonna say we were all pretty damn pleased with ourselves, and most of us eager to try it on our own. If you read my pages, you may know we grew an excess of zinnias this year, and there are bags and bags in the freezer awaiting a dyeing attempt.

After the class, my friend and I explored the “Quiet Labor” exhibit featuring naturally dyed textiles, garments and artwork by students and local artists who contribute to the Cornell Natural Dye Studio. The idea is to encourage students who may someday work in the fashion industry to consider the fact that chemical dyes are the second largest polluter of waterways globally. I particularly liked the non-clothing items.

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